The word asthma has originated from a primeval Greek word meaning panting. Basically asthma is a chronic and recurring inflammation of the air ways (bronchi) which results in barrier of air flow. Asthma is very common all over the globe, almost in all age groups. It may begin in as early as month’s old baby to elder age persons. Asthma is mainly controllable and to a level curable, depending on the phase and level of the disease.
There is reducing in the lumen of the air ways resulting from a twofold reaction to the allergens and other irritants. Mainly in a hyper reactive response, the smooth muscles in the airways contract and narrow excessively. Followed by an inflammatory reaction where the immune system responds to the allergens by sending white blood cells and other immune factors to the airways. This inflammatory issues cause a swelling of the airways and also an increase in the mucus secretion thus causing symptoms like cough, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Children aged 2 to 12 years accounted to higher rates of asthma (15.7 percentages) than adults aged 16 years and over (10.1 percentages). In males, the prevalence of asthma was highest among children aged 2 to 12 years; in females, prevalence was highest among young adults aged 16 to 24 years. Asthma is also closely associated to allergies. Most, but not all, people with asthma have allergies. Children with a family history of allergy and asthma are more probable to have asthma.
The most significant and distressing symptom is the breathlessness or sense of suffocation, which may be of varying strength. Some patients cannot have cough or mucus production at all.
Asthma can be treated naturally with homeopathy medicines though the treatment is bit lengthy but it's quite effectual way to get rid of asthma.