Vitiligo is a skin disease in which the partial or complete loss of melanocytes from patches of the skin produces irregular white spots and that affects generally any part of the body, this includ¬es premature graying of hair. Vitiligo can also affect the mucous membranes (such as the tissues that line inside of the mouth and nose). Personally and cosmetically, it can affect lives of the sufferer especially in that society; were given importance to a color of skin; particularly amongst the brown and dark skin people. In all over the world, this disease has been observed for thousands of years. About 2% of the world population is affected by Vitiligo. It is very common disease around 1.43% of people from the entire population of the world is involved in Vitiligo. It does not include tribal, sexual or regional differences among the population. Some of the reports suggest that occurrence of Vitiligo in India, Egypt and Japan is higher. It ranges from 1.25% to 6% of the total population. 25th June is celebrated as a world Vitiligo day.
Classification is based on the appearance of white spots on different parts of a body. Types of Vitiligo can be categorized as:-
When any particular part of a body is suffering from depigmentation. It is said to be localized Vitiligo. And any other part of the body will not be affected by depigmentation, except that parts which suffer from depigmentation. Localized Vitiligo is further divided as
In this type of Vitiligo, there will be only one part which will suffer from Vitiligo. No other body parts will take on depigmentation.
In this type of Vitiligo white spots will appear in segments. These segments can be of different shapes and sizes, apart from of its place that which part of a body is depigmented.
This type of Vitiligo only disturbs mucous membrane.
In this type of Vitiligo, various parts of the body will be affected by depigmentation. This kind of Vitiligo also known as bilateral Vitiligo. It is further classified as
In this type of Vitiligo, all parts of body affected by white spots. Depigmentation started in every part of body.
At times Vitiligo occurs when a person is working with certain chemicals and these chemicals badly affect pigments and depigmentation started, this type of Vitiligo known as occupational Vitiligo.
Surprisingly, the causes of Vitiligo are yet to be precisely established, but most of the research thus far points to the following:
The common appearance of Vitiligo is a milky white depigmented spots. It can vary from a single white spot to multiple spots. The shape also variable. In some of the cases generalized de-pigmentation observed all over the body. It has a tendency to start from a single spot and progressively grow in size and in number.
It may present with a single or several spots on abdomen or limbs or back and then spreading to other parts of the body. Some cases showing affection of the muco-cutaneous junctions such as corners of the mouth, finger-tips, around eyes, private parts. The spread of the disorder is generally slow and progressive. Symmetrical appearance on both the sides of the body (on the legs, hands, etc.) is common. Rarely does it find that Vitiligo is spreading all over the body.
Homeopathy offers confirmed treatment for Vitiligo which does not have extensive spread of spots. Early and milder cases can be treated with tremendous success, moderate and spreading cases can be expect partial color formation with good control, while rapidly spreading cases could be controlled considerably. It may be noted that good control over the spread is also considered a success in extensive cases.
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment concentrates on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. However the core understanding of homeopathy reveals that the actual cause is internal and hence homeopathy targets to treat the problem from the root. The homeopathic medicines for Vitiligo are chosen after a full examination of individual and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A transmittable affinity (susceptibility /predisposition) is often taken into report for the treatment of chronic conditions.
A range of emotions experienced by the Vitiligo affected individuals include rejection, shock, annoyance, loneliness, worry, humiliation, panic, embarrassment, depression and guilt. A person’s self-confidence is strictly affected by the Vitiligo and patient becomes enormously self conscious, particularly in a group which gives much importance to the physical look.