Ganglion is a small pouch filled with fluid and is produced from the lining of a joint or tendon. It generally forms when the tissues surrounding certain joints become inflamed & swell up with lubricating fluid.
It is usually caused because of some kind of trauma to the joint but the cause might not be apparent in all cases. Ganglion formation is more common in women (M: F = 1:3) and 70 percent happen in the young adulthood and late teens. Several joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis have been associated with ganglion cysts. Occupational factors play a significant role in the development of ganglion. Those occupations that need workers to overuse certain joints such as the wrist and fingers, for example typewriters, pose a risk for ganglion cysts.
Mainly, ganglion formation is seen on the wrist (generally the back side) and fingers, but it may also develop on the shoulders, knees and elbows. Ganglia are generally painless swellings that may form around any joint. Though, the situation can become painful when the ganglion presses nerves. This pain is able to restrict the range of movements and activity of an individual. They may increase in size or can disappear impulsively.
Basically ganglion is labeled as a surgical condition; though, in light of homeopathy it can be termed as medico-surgical condition. Surgeries complete for ganglion are linked with rare complications like nerve damage, stiffness of joints and recurrence.